Global electric vehiclei (EV) uptake is on the rise, propelled by declining battery costs, increased awareness, and
favorable government policies. EVs are attracting interest worldwide for their role in reducing carbon emissions and
local air pollution, but most progress to date has been concentrated in China, the United States, and Western
Europe. Despite low EV numbers in the Caribbean, several factors make the region ideal for expansion. Caribbean
islands are heavily dependent on oil imports, which makes fuel expensive and exposes them to oil price and foreign
exchange risk. Transport sectors account for a large share of energy consumption. Renewable energy potential is
abundant, meaning the environmental benefits of EVs can be maximized over time. And Caribbean islands are
vulnerable to natural disasters and can benefit from the ancillary resilience services of EVs. Finally, Caribbean
islands are small, naturally mitigating range anxiety and requiring less extensive charging networks.

The Commonwealth of Dominica is committed to the successful conclusion of negotiations under the AdHoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) in order to adopt, at the 21st
meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris, a new legally-binding agreement under the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) appropriate and fair to all Parties, which
will come into effect and be implemented from 2020 onwards. Dominica hereby communicates its
Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), in accordance with the relevant paragraphs of
Decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20, towards achieving the ultimate objective of the Article 2 of the
Convention, which provides up-front information to facilitate the clarity, transparency and the
understanding of the INDC. Dominica is also pleased to provide additional accompanying information
relating to mitigation, adaptation planning/management and support for implementation.