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As a small island developing state (SIDS) that is extremely vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change and cognizant of the implications for its economic, social and environmental sectors, the Government of Barbados (GOB) ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1994 and the Kyoto Protocol in
2000. Since then, Barbados has actively participated in the Conference of Parties (COP) and related inter-sessional meetings of the UNFCCC, as well as undertaken a variety of measures that fit with the overarching objective of the Convention and intended to build national resilience to the challenges imposed by climate change. Accordingly, with the recognition of the need for an urgent global response to address the adverse impacts of climate change,
the GOB is expecting the agreed and adopted outcome of the 21st COP of the UNFCCC to be an internationally legally-binding agreement under the Convention that is in the form of a protocol and is applicable to all Parties.

The Government of Antigua and Barbuda is committed to the successful conclusion of  negotiations under the Ad-Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action  (ADP) in order to adopt, at COP21 in Paris, a new legally binding agreement under the United  Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) appropriate to all Parties, which  will come into effect and be implemented from 2020 onwards.

Antigua and Barbuda hereby communicates its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution  (INDC), in accordance with the relevant paragraphs of Decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20, towards  achieving the objective of the Convention to stabilize greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations to  “prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system” (Article 2), and  towards the Convention’s commitment for all Parties to take “measures to facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change” (Article 4).

As agreed in Decision 1 CP/20 para 11, “Small island developing states may communicate  information on strategies, plans and actions for low greenhouse gas emission development  reflecting their special circumstances in the context of intended nationally determined  contributions.” Mitigation and adaptation targets in this INDC are presented in an up-front format to facilitate clarity and transparency, and are a mix of conditional and unconditional  contributions, contingent upon receiving international support for technology transfer, capacity-building and financial resources.

 

Grenada’s second Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) pursuant to Article 4 of the Paris Agreement represents its continued commitment to the objectives of the Paris Agreement towards holding the increase of the global average temperature to well below 2oC above pre-industrial levels while pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5oC.
This NDC adheres to the requirements of the guidance on information to facilitate clarity, transparency and understanding (ICTU) as contained in decision 4/ CMA 1 adopted at the twenty-fourth meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP 24) serving as the first Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement.

The emissions reductions in this new NDC are a confirmation of the indicative ambitious 2030 NDC target of 40% below 2010 levels submitted in the 2016 NDC, which is conditional on external funding. This target remains the highest possible ambition that Grenada can achieve. It is anticipated that this will be done through interventions in the Energy including transport; Waste; Forestry; and Industrial Processes and Product Use (IPPU) sectors and by leveraging mitigation co-benefits of adaptation actions.

The Commonwealth of Dominica is committed to the successful conclusion of negotiations under the AdHoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) in order to adopt, at the 21st
meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris, a new legally-binding agreement under the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) appropriate and fair to all Parties, which
will come into effect and be implemented from 2020 onwards. Dominica hereby communicates its
Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), in accordance with the relevant paragraphs of
Decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20, towards achieving the ultimate objective of the Article 2 of the
Convention, which provides up-front information to facilitate the clarity, transparency and the
understanding of the INDC. Dominica is also pleased to provide additional accompanying information
relating to mitigation, adaptation planning/management and support for implementation.

El Plan Nacional de Transporte Eléctrico (PNTE) tiene como objetivo promover la transición hacia una mayor participación de las energías renovables en la matriz energética nacional, mediante la electrificación del transporte en todos sus modos, en busca de mejorar la calidad del aire en zonas urbanas, aspecto que se verá reflejado directamente en la salud humana y lograr impactos en la reducción de las emisiones de gases de efecto
invernadero (GEI) contribuyendo así con las políticas de descarbonización del país. Para este propósito es necesario integrar los esfuerzos de diferentes actores en el sector público, en el sector privado y la sociedad civil.

El desarrollo del transporte eléctrico responde a las políticas energéticas contenidas en el VII Plan Nacional de Energía (PNE), al compromiso país de avanzar hacia la descarbonización de la economía establecido en el Plan de Acción de la Estrategia Nacional de Cambio Climático (ENCC) y en la Contribución Nacionalmente Determinada
de Costa Rica (NDC, siglas en inglés).

Primera NDC Ecuador

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